The Api Pro project aims to create a selective and high-tech trap for the Asian hornet using different sensors.
Asian hornet is an insect which should not exist in Europe. Its arrival in 2004 led to devastating environmental issues. Indeed, the Asian hornet is a tenacious bee-eater, which are vital to our ecosystem. The need for a decrease of the growing population of Asian hornets is now pressing. Therefore, our solution is a trap made to kill a maximum of Asian hornet without disturbing environment and other species. It will be sold to apiculturist for a reasonable cost in order to protect their beehives.
Our trap is composed in two parts. On one side, a compartment containing the lure placed behind a grind. On the other side, another compartment containing a Raspberry Pi B+ linked with a camera pointing toward the grind. Our goal is to attract an Asian hornet to the trap thanks to the lure. It will land on the grind where an image will be taken. This image will then be analysed by the Raspberry. If the insect is recognised as an Asian hornet by our algorithm, a current will be sent through the grind. The insect will be electrified and fell into a small water container in which it will drown. The ideal test environment is in the countryside, near beehives and during the period of activity of our target (from mid-April, throughout the summer). However, for our PPE presentation, we will test our trap with artificial insects. No specific infrastructure is required.
Our prototype is fully autonomous so there is no need for a particular setup, apart from the presence of light. Tests will be done by a member of our group. The tester will have to place an artificial insect on the grind, in front of the camera. A LED in the compartment of the Raspberry will light up if an Asian hornet is
Of all the artificial Asian hornets tested, 60% of them are recognised by the system for now. More importantly, 90% of the others species tested are saved.